Lacedaemonia was a city in Lycaonia, which is a province in Achaia, or the Peloponnese, founded by the Lacedaemon, son of Jupiter and Taygete. From it this region of Greece took its name. The same city was also called by another name, Sparta, though Herodotus relates that Sparta was the city and Lacedaemonia was the region in which the city was located. It is recorded differently, by one or the other name, by Herodotus as well as other authors, but Justin, in the third book of his Epitome, explains for what reason it was called Sparta. The Spartan people had it's beginning at this time, that is, in the fiftieth year of the kingship of Oziah, when Alcmenes, king of Lacedaemonians, died and their kingdom was brought to an end. Cicero, in the second book of the Tucuman Disputations, reported that the Spartan maidens were more devoted to the gymnasium, the dust, the labor of hunting, and military service than fertility in children. For this reason they were accustomed to wear different attire than other women, as Vergil says 'She, having the appearance and attire of a maiden, and the arms of a Spartan maiden...' The first king of the Lacedaemonians was a certain Eurystheus, a native of Greece. In the ninety-eighth year after the birth of Abraham, he first began to reign over the Lacedaemonians. Agesilaus, the sixth king of the Lacedaemonians, was fully deserving of immortality, taking his origin from Hercules. He obtained the kingship at a young age and was always respectfully of loyalty. Lycurgus too was a leader of the Lacedaemonians and lawgiver, certainly a most famous man and admirable among the philosopher; he was considered glorious in renown. This man established laws for the Lacedaemonians, about which Plutarch, Valerius, Justin, and Aristotle on the Politics have written much.


Tiffany Lam


Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. XIXX.

Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4




Tiffany Lam, “Sparta,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed September 23, 2018,

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