Memphis, now called Cairo, is the royal capital of the Egyptians. As Diodorus Siculus attests in the second book of the Histories, Ogelous, king of the Egyptians, founded it, and it was named Memphis after his daughter. Its circumference is one hundred and fifty stades. It is the most famous of all the cities of Egypt, located in a rather favorably situated place where the Nile is split into several parts and forms the shape of a delta. Thus it happens that, as if situated at the gateway to the Nile, it both affords and prevents access for sailors to the regions upstream. Ogelous arrayed massive dikes to the south to control the floodwaters, and in the other directions a massive lake has been dug on all sides, which renders the city most secure. For this reason nearly all subsequent kings abandoned Thebes and built their royal dwelling in Memphis-they also called it the Egyptian Babylonia and Cairo. At Memphis Osiris was once worshipped, who, when he succeeded Phrenes his grandfather in the kingship of the Argives, was captivated by desire for greater glory and sailed across to the Egyptians. After he had subjected them to this control, he joined with Isis in marriage. Since he taught the unsophisticated men of that place many things, which were suitable for mankind to the highest degree, he obtained divine honors from them, and they began to worship him as a god. By an alteration of his name they also called him Apis-that is, ‘the Bull’ - for in their language a bull is called apis.


Kristina Vateva


Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 22.

Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4.




Kristina Vateva, “Cairo,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed October 22, 2019,

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