Mainz is the metropolitan city of Germany; Carinus in his Chronicles relates that it had its beginning and name from Maguntius, a certain Trojan, at the time of the destruction of Troy. This city is in the Belgian region of Germany and touches the banks of the Rhine. Drusus Nero Germanicus famously increased its reputation when he waged war against the cities of the Germans across the Rhine: his horse was wounded and collapsed on top of his legs, and he died 30 days after this had happened. His body was carried to Rome by his brother [Tiberius] Nero, who was roused by the report of his valor and quickly came running, and it was buried in the tomb of Gaius Julius [Caesar]. Tacitus and others make mention of the dike of Drusus near the Rhine. The monument of Drusus in Mainz and other antiquities make this clear. Some say that this dike was completed by Paulinus Pompeius, commander of the Roman legions in Germany, under the command of the emperor Nero. The archbishop of this city holds he right of suffrage in the election of the [Holy] Roman Emperor. This city possesses [the relics of] the martyr Albanus, a most hoy man. Near this city is Frankfurt, a distinguished market-town, in which the northern Germans congregate with southern Germans twice each year, and there the Emperor is elected by the ancient custom. Through it flows a quite well known river that they call the Main; Ptolemy calls this river the Obrigma, and he asserts that it divides the northern from the southern Germans, nor is there another river that could make this division more clearly than the Main. Today some of the southern Germans have advanced as far as Mainz; thence they are called northern. The Main rises from the nearby mountains of Bohemia and drains from the region of Mainz into the Rhine. Because of this, there has been no shortage of those who believe that Mainz was named after the River Main. The houses of Mainz are very large, in the Roman style, and the churches, along with the bishop’s residence, are lavishly decorated; there are many sites worthy of mention to see there, though some have been destroyed because of wars.


Tsai-Yuan Sung


Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 39v.

Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4




Tsai-Yuan Sung, “Mainz,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed October 22, 2019,

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