Troy is a region of Asia Minor in which the most celebrated city of Ilium was; sometimes the name Troy is given to the city itself. According to Homer, Troy is indeed the most distinguished of all cities which exist under the sun and the starry heavens. Now however vast Troy, the summit of all Asia, has been destroyed such that scarcely any trace is visible, as Ovid says 'Now there are crops where Troy was,' and likewise Vergil: 'There is a plain where Troy was,' since after it was burned down the stones and all other things were take away: such is the end of human affairs. Tros, son on king Erichthonius, came to Dardania when he was already an old man, in the fortieth year of the judge [of Israel] Ehud, and founded Troy. He was a man most skilled in arms, and when his kingdom grew, he named the region Troy after his own name, which before was called Dardania. Now Dardanus was the son of Jupiter and Electra, daughter of Atlas; he reached Phrygia, which he named Dardania. Erichthonius was born to him, and Tros, who was praiseworthy in justice and piety, was born to Erichthonius; he ordered the city to be named Troy to make a monument to his own name. He had two sons, Ilius and Assaracus; the former, being the elder, ruled Troy and named it Ilium from his own name. Laomedon, of whom Priam was born, was the son of Ilius. He restored and adorned Troy after its first sack, built a great city and larger fortifications and ramparts of marble stone with a very high wall, and rendered the city very secure. He caused there to be a great number of soldiers, lest the city be overpowered through a lack of preparation, as before in the time of Laomedon it had been overpowered. He also built a palace and a statue of Jupiter and consecrated an altar. He made six gates for Ilium, the names of which are as follows: Antenoidan, Ilian, Scaean, Thymbrian, Dardanidan,Trojan. Through the midst of the city the River Xanthus flowed. There is also the River Simois, streaming forth from the Trojan mountain Ida and flowing alongside Troy, which, when it nears the sea, mixes with the Xanthus, is drawn into a marsh, and comes down to the sea near the promontory of Sigeum. Priam had the following children with Hecuba his wife: Hector, the first-born, Alexander, Deiphobus, Helenus, Troilus, Andromache, Cassandra, Polyxena. Subsequently the Greeks fought with the Trojans for 10 years and six months, beginning in the first year of the judge [of Isreal] Ibzan. They say that the war had the following cause. When Alexander, who was called Paris, had gone off to hunt in the forest of Mt. Ida, Mercury brought to him in his sleep Juno, Venus, and Minerva, that he might judge between them on the basis of beauty. Then Venus promised him that if he judged her beauty greater than that of the others, she would give him a wife who was seen as the most beautiful figure in Greece. Therefore, when he had heard this, he is said of have judged Venus to have the best appearance. Afterwards he carried off by force Helen, wife of king Menelaus: this was the final ruin for the Trojans. Dares the Phrygian and Dictys the Cretan describe this ten-year war most eloquently, who, present at the slaughter of the Trojans, knew the names of the places and all of the deeds very clearly. For an understanding of the affairs of the Trojans, nothing more concise, clear, or polished could be found. Troy was captured in the third year of Abdon, judge of Israel, in the 430th year before the founding of Rome.


Yao Guang (Ignatious) Hoh


Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 36.

Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4




Yao Guang (Ignatious) Hoh, “Troy,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed September 23, 2018,

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