Herbipolis, called Würzburg in the vernacular language, is a principal and distinguished city of eastern France, which is called Franconia. The River Main, rising in the mountains of Bohemia, passes by it. In it the goddess Diana was worshipped until the time of the martyr Saint Killian, who taught the duke Gozbert and his subject people in the orthodox faith. His son the duke Hetan, built the first church in honor of the glorious Virgin Mary on a hill in Würzburg. As the region of Franconia is partially flat and partially hilly, the hills themselves pose no difficulty; the land is not very fertile, for it is quite sandy. The high ground is in many places sown with vineyards and produces pleasant wine, particularly in Würzburg. Although the land is divided among many lords, they nevertheless call the bishop of Würzburg duke of Franconia, since this city is also the see of a noble bishop who is also considered the duke of the Franconians. When he performs worship, he keeps a drawn sword before him on the altar. Near the city, on a tall hill (which the call Our Lord’s Hill), there is a citadel fortified with skilled craftsmanship and a worthy sight to see, where for the most part the prelate resides. There is also a castle built atop a high cliff, elevated from the flat ground on three sides and protected by the very nature of its location. The fourth side has pit with a bridge; the depth of the pit is quite considerable. On this side there is a tower, secured on all sides by ramparts, at the top of which a guard sits, who sounds the alarm on a horn-trumpet. There is a double enclosing wall, with a connected plaza in the middle. There is also a very ornate chapel in it for divine worship, where there are consecrated altars. There are also very many dwelling-places there, both spacious and beautiful, quite extensive cellars beneath the castle, and many stables. Likewise this distinguished city has three collegiate churches, in addition to the episcopal basilica justly called “the highest”, and four mendicant orders. The Order of Saint Benedict also possess a fitting place at Saint Stephen’s, and the Carthusians, Teutonic Knights, and [the order of] saint James with the Scots, have dwellings there. There are also five convents for nuns. There also stand five parish churches and two hospices, and a chapel of the Virgin Mary with a steeple built with remarkable skill. Quite beautiful houses of canons and citizens beautify this city. Over this the noble and most excellent bishop Rudolph von Scherenberg now presides, who is now past his ninetieth year and has increase the bishopric with countless wealth and a variety of properties.


Storm Nylen


Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 160.

Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4




Storm Nylen, “Würzburg,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed October 21, 2018, https://uscnuremberg.omeka.net/items/show/2.

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