Breslau, an illustrious and distinguished city in Silesia, is most famous among the Germans and the tribes of Sarmatia, as it is a very extensive city located on the bank of the Oder. Now Silesia is a province in Germany, watered by the Oder, a river that, as it turns to the north, flows through the tribes of Germany on both banks, yet across the Oder the Polish language prevails. This city, from its beginning, was increased due to the gathering of people, adorned magnificently with public and private buildings, and has highly decorated basilicas, among which the cathedral church dedicated to Saint John is prominent. Ancestors called its bishopric ‘golden;’ the Hussite wars have rendered it muddied. Yet Johann Roth, bishop of the city at this time, a doctor of law and most experienced in a variety of branches of knowledge, greatly increased this bishopric in glory and extent. It also has famous monasteries, of the Hermits of Saint Augustine at Saint Dorothy’s of the [Friars] Minor at Saints Jacob and Bernardinus (but with different observances), of the [Order of] Preachers at Saint Albert’s, of canons-regular in the church of the blessed, glorious Virgin Mary, of the Premonstratensians at Saint Vincent’s outside the walls of the city. There is also a collegiate church there of the Holy Cross. Yet among these, two parish-churches excel, that of St. Elizabeth and that of Saint Mary Magdalene. It also has some very fine minor churches, Saint Barbara’s, Saint Christopher’s, and Saint Lazarus’, along with many others. Now this city has experienced changes in lordship under a variety of princes. It was recovered with difficulty by John, father of Charles, Roman emperor and king of Bohemia: this city of Breslau, which Henry, duke of Silesia, had seized, and Legnica and quite a few other cities in Silesia were subjected to him in this war. Subsequently, during the reign of king Wenceslaus at this time among the Bohemians, sedition arose in this city and the city councilors, who had the highest power, were hurled out of the city hall through the windows into the market-square; caught up on the swords and lances of the enraged commoners, they furnished a grim spectacle. The emperor Sigismund a few years later had the originators of this deed executed by axe. Now the emperor Sigismund, during his later reign, set off for Brno (which is a town in Moravia) at the feast of the nativity of the Lord to destroy the depravity of the heretics.


Emily Hodgkins


Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 233-234.

Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4




Emily Hodgkins, “Breslau,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed October 21, 2018,

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