Rhodes

Title

Rhodes

Description

Rhodes is a city, from which the island near Lycia received the name Rhodes. 740 years before the birth of Christ, in the time of Joseph, it was founded by the Telchines and the Carians, who had already long been subdued by Phoroneus, king of the Argrives. It is the easternmost of Cyclades, on which, as Pomponius reports, a capital decorated with roses was found when the foundations of the city were being dug, from which the city and the island are though to have been named, for rhodos in Greek means ‘rose’ in Latin. This island is bounded by a circumference of nine hundred stades. The Colossus of Sol at Rhodes was considered a marvel beyond all others, which Lindos, a pupil of Lysippus, had constructed. It was 70 cubits in height, and after fifty-six years it was leveled by an earthquake, and by this miracle it lies in ruins. It was one of the Seven Wonders. This island is located at the headland of the East. In harbors, roads, and city walls it once surpassed the other cities of Asia, as it does even now. This city suffered many wars and losses from the Turks, and it would not by and means have resisted the Turks if the Knights dedicated to St. John had not taken over charge of the island, who not only protected the island, but also began to provide aid to other neighboring Christians on Cyprus: therefore in the year 1308 it came under the control of Christians. The Turks, however, attacked the aforementioned city on four successive occasions. Most recently, in the year 1480, the Ottoman Mehmet, emperor of the Turks, led one hundred thousand armed troops and sixteen huge siege engines against Rhodes and intended to take revenge on it and destroy the religion of the Knight of Rhodes. Finally, after some very bloody battles, with the aid of Master Peter Danbuson of France the Turks were ignominiously repulsed.

Creator

Johnathan Lee

Source

Image:
Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 26.

Text:
Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4

Files

Rhodes.png

Citation

Johnathan Lee, “Rhodes,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed July 28, 2017, http://uscnuremberg.omeka.net/items/show/41.

Geolocation