Padua

Title

Padua

Description

Padua is a most ancient and renowned city of Italy, which Vergil attests Antenor, a refugee from Troy, established: 'yet here that man placed the city of Padua and a home [for the Trojansl. Titus Livy likewise attentively relates the glory of the Paduans that Antenor, through the midst of the Greeks, entered the bays of Illyria and the kingdoms of the Libumians, and he reached the innermost waters of the Adriatic. He drove out the Euganeans, whop possessed these places, and founded the city of padua. Cicero, in the Philippics, says that the Paduans were very friendly to the Romans, who aided the Republic with arms and money in its most difficult times. Later Padua was most fortunate while the Roman Republic stood; its Roman colony was not established in that way the right to exercise suffrage in choosing magistrates at Rome, in which other colonies were, with new peoples brought into the colony, but it was granted to the Papuans to enjoy the Latin and the right to exercise suffrage in choosing magistrates. We have no city like it in Roman especially with the beauty of it’s Public buildings. For whatever buildings are now standing, either public or private, are new, since Attila, king of the Huns destroyed the city with sword and fire and left it defenseless. The city was then restored by Narses the eunuch and the people of the Ravenna. Then the Lombards burned the city and laid waste to it, but it was enlarged in a marvelous augmentation during the time of Charlemagne and his descendants, until in the time of Frederick, Ezzelino, the cruelest of all tyrants, perpetrated countless murders and proscriptions of its citizens. Then the Carra gained control of affairs in Paduna under the title of the capitanate, and they possessed it for a little less than one hundred years, through various successions, and restored it to a richer and more glorious condition. For by the labor of the noble Carrara, for the most part, Padua s walls were constructed and furnished, by which it was fortified with a triple circuit. Although the Timavus River1178 flowed through it, nevertheless water was conveyed by many diverse channels, constructed by hand with an enormous amount of labor, around the city and through various parts of its territory, as an adornment and benefit for the city, by these same Carrara. They were also responsible for a most secure citadel in the city and a palace which is easily the foremost in Italy, and various other constructions. The German Emperor Henry the Fourth built a cathedral in Padua, a church which still exists, and a palace which none in the world surpasses in beauty. When later it was accidentally burned down, the Venetians built a more splendid one and placed the bones of Titus Livy in a prominent place. There is in Padua a distinguished basilica of the blessed Anthony, of which there are very few equals in Italy. There is also in Padua the temple of the virgin Justina, which preserves the bodies of St. Luke the Evangelist, Prosdocimus, and others, along with the relics of the divine Justina; it is claimed to have been a temple of Jupiter, and it is now a very extensive monastery dedicated to the order of the divine Benedict. Also in Padua is a gymnasium, the most renowned of all in Italy, where there are very extensive buildings, to which [even] students of lesser wealth are granted access. This city has produced most famous men besides Titus Livy.. Paulus, learned in law; Peter of Abano, a consummate author, mathematician, and naturalist, whose quite famous writings are held in the greatest honor in regard to the common utility of mankind; Albert, of the order of hermits, a most famous theologian and orator; Stella, Flaccus, Volusius, and quite a few others who excelled in every ski. It is afforded passage for ships up from the sea by the River Brenta, which flows beside it. One can sail by way of a detour to Padua from Lucia Fusina at the sixth mile through a channel constructed by hand.

Creator

Tvisha Gangwani

Source

Image:
Hartmann Schedel (1493). Liber cronicarum cum figuris et ymaginibus ab inicio mundi.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S34 1493b, f. 44-45.

Text:
Hartmann Schedel (2010). Liber chronicarum: translation.
USC Libraries, Special Collections Call No: D17.S3413 2010 v.1-v.4.

Files

Padua.png

Citation

Tvisha Gangwani, “Padua,” Nuremberg Chronicle, accessed November 23, 2017, http://uscnuremberg.omeka.net/items/show/40.

Geolocation